Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) Central Govt Scheme

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), is an Indian Government scheme programme which aim is the universalisation of elementary education “in a time bound manner”, as mandated by the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 a fundamental right. The programme was firstly started by former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

As an intervention programme, SSA has been operational since 2000-2001The expenditure on the programme was shared by the Central Government (85%) and the State Governments. The Central share was funded by a number of external agencies, including the World Bank and UNICEF. By 2001, more than US$1500 million had been committed to the programme, and 50 million children covered in its ambit. It is concluded by the government that the investment in SSA was not a waste, because it introduced a new approach to primary school interventions in India.[4]

The Right to Education Act (RTE) came into force on 1 April 2010. Some educationists and policy makers believe that, with the passing of this act, SSA has acquired the necessary legal force for its implementation.

FUNDS

In 2011-12, the Government of India allocated INR 21,000 crore for this project.

 

FEATURES

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a programme for Universal Elementary Education. This programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children through provision of community -owned quality education in a mission mode.

MAIN FEATURES

  1. Programme with a clear time frame for universal elementary education.
  2. A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country.
  3. An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education.
  4. A expression of political will for universal elementary education across the country.
  5. A partnership between the central, state and the local government.
  6. An opportunity for states to develop their own vision of elementary education.

 

AIMS

  1. To provide useful and elementary education for all children in the 6-14 age group.
  2. To bridge social, regional and gender gaps with the active participation of community in the management of schools.
  3. To allow children to learn about and master their natural environment in order to develop their potential both spiritually and materially.
  4. To inculcate value-based learning this allows children an opportunity to work for each other’s well being rather than to permit mere selfish pursuits.
  5. To realize the importance of Early Childhood Care and education and looks at the 0-14 age as a continuum.

 

OBJECTIVES

  1. All children in school. Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ‘Back-to-School’ camp by 2003.
  2. All children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007.
  3. All children complete of elementary schooling by 2010.
  4. Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life.
  5. Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010.

ASPECTS

  1. It provides a wide convergent frame work for implementation of Elementary Education schemes.
  2. It is also a programme with budget provision for strengthening vital areas to achieve universalisation of elementary education.

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